This definition is widely encompassing and could, for example, include a group of individuals who commit an armed robbery once.
Who Joins Youth Gangs in Canada. With self-determination and strong support from family members, immigrant youth may gradually distance and disconnect themselves from other gang members, and start a new life.
The best results in addressing the youth gang problem come from the community working together. The ex-gang members interviewed presented with numerous tattoos associated with gang life and reported that the group they affiliated with had colors. In the above respects, youth gangs are similar to other social groups.
Key to this is often either personal experiences as direct victims of violent acts or the witnessing of violent attacks on fellow gang members Aulakh, ; Kelly, ; Nimmo, The historical and demographic differences between the two countries as well as the differences in political culture suggest the importance of examining the gang issue in Canada from an independent standpoint Ezeonu, From this perspective, joining a gang, or making the move to become a recruit, seems to make sense.
Footnote5 In general, some of the risk factors for gang involvement that are consistently supported across a number of studies include the following: In other words, while much damage has been done, much has been preserved It is this cultural preservation which Aboriginal communities are building on and strengthening as groups and communities become increasingly active in addressing past harms.
No single definition can account for the diversity of the gang phenomenon in contemporary Canadian society. When we refer to Aboriginal gangs in the media as "just another example" of young people today being attracted to a criminal lifestyle, and when the media and others construct all "ethnic" gangs in this manner, we lose sight of what are likely very significant differences.
At the school level, lack of engagement has been identified as a risk factor for gang involvement Chettleburgh,and there may be multiple underlying issues.
To date, a limited number of Canadian studies have examined the issue of immigrant youth and gangs. All of these factors indicate the subordinate position of Aboriginal people in Canadian society. Gang members account for a large amount of criminal behaviour and gangs are characterized as harmful to individuals, communities, and society as well as causing problems for their members.
So, while researchers, evaluators and practitioners in the area may need to define 'youth gang', it is also important to be aware of the possible consequences that a definition or label can have on the youth with whom they study or work. Peer relationships are also often linked to female gang involvement.
For Aboriginal youth coming from marginalized backgrounds whose lives are characterized by social isolation and disadvantage, the presence of stereotypes may complicate the process of desistance. Studies examining why and how females disengage from gangs have generally focused on three areas: Others look at diet, hormones, and some look at an interplay between biological and social factors.
There are several ways in which the processes described above apply to gangs and lead to misinformation and perhaps misguided responses to the problem. Further, in the last number of years strides have been made in understanding gang involvement among several key populations, namely Aboriginal youth, immigrant youth and young women.
As gang-involved youth may be considered the main perpetrators of violence as well as the main victims, with high costs for society, it is important to find opportunities to prevent at-risk youth from joining and to intervene in the lives of current youth gang members. These are indicators of a structural problem.
Keeping this limitation in mind, some tentative conclusions can be drawn from research to date. For Aboriginal youth, this involves the further change of seeing oneself as no longer conforming to a negative stereotype.
Other risk factors include familial substance abuse or mental health issues, negative influences from older siblings, and familial criminality Ngo, Multiple marginality acts and reacts within populations to drive youth into the streets and immigration or migration adaption is a central part of this process.
These three groups will be the focus of the rest of this section. Youth Gangs in Chicago, Illinois Following the American Psychological Association’s Guidelines Kirsten Muhaw Criminal Justice Seminar Professor Ruck April 10, Youth Gangs in Chicago, Illinois According to the Chicago Police Report’s CompStat within.
Aboriginal gangs are proliferating across Canada as criminal organizations exploit the intense poverty and squalid conditions that many. An investigation into the formation and recruitment processes of Aboriginal gangs in Western Canada.
PDF ( KB) Table of contents. Introduction; An investigation into the formation and recruitment processes of Aboriginal gangs in Western Canada Mercredi found that former and active members of "Aboriginal youth gangs" in prisons "take.
A Theoretical Analysis of Aboriginal Youth Delinquency in Canada Kielburger, Craig and Mark. () The Shocking Contributor to Crime in Canada. Youth gangs in Canada is becoming more and more of issue.
Adolescents across Canada resort to joining youth gangs for many different reasons. A Study of Aboriginal Youth Gangs Words |. There is limited research on Aboriginal youth gangs in Canada (Mellor, et al., ; Grekul and LaBoucane-Benson, ; Totten, ; Preston, Carr-Stewart, and Bruno, ; Sinclair and Grekul, ).
Most of the published research focuses on youth gangs in the United States. Finally, Aboriginal gang violence is different than that exhibited by other youth gangs in Canada.
Rates of internalized violence, including suicide, drug overdose, and self-injurious behaviours are far higher than externalized forms of criminal violence.A study of aboriginal youth gangs